Africa > West Africa > Nigeria > Nigeria Geography Profile 2012

Nigeria: Nigeria Geography Profile 2012






Nigeria Geography Profile 2012


Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Geographic coordinates: 

10 00 N, 8 00 E

Map references: 


Area comparative: 

slightly more than twice the size of California

Land boundaries Total: 

4,047 km

Land boundaries Note: 


varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north


southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Natural resources: 

natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Natural hazards: 

periodic droughts; flooding

Environment - current issues: 

soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization

Geography note: 

the Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea