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Mongolia: Mongolia People Profile 2012






Mongolia People Profile 2012

About 90 % of the citizens are Mongols, the chief group being Khalkhas. The others consist principally of different Turkic- and Tungusic-speaking peoples. A lot of of the Mongols are expert horsemen and archers. A number are still nomadic and live in round, felt-covered tents called yurts.
Mongolia's population density is 3.4 persons per square mile (1.3 persons per km²)—one of the world's lowest. Ulan Bator is the capital and largest city.
The official language is Khalkha Mongolian. The Cyrillic alphabet has been the official script since 1946, but in 1990 the indigenous Mongol script was reintroduced in the schools. The traditional religion is Lamaism, but after years of Communist suppression it has few adherents.