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Liberia: Liberia Geography Profile 2012






Liberia Geography Profile 2012

It is bounded on the north by Guinea, east by Côte d'Ivoire, southwest by the Atlantic Ocean and northwest by Sierra Leone. Liberian coast measures about 350 miles (560 km). Its area is 43,000 square miles (111,369 km2), that of Virginia.

Except for a narrow marshy plain along the coast, Liberia is mostly a hilly plateau. The highest part lies along the border with Guinea, where the range exceeds Nimba 5,700 feet (1,740 m). The rivers are relatively short and fast and virtually unnavigable. There are no good natural harbors. Temperatures are high enough and even throughout the year, an average of about 80 ° F. (27 ° C). Annual precipitation ranges from 150 to 200 inches (3810-5080 mm) along the coast to less than 90 inches (2,280 mm) in some inland areas. Most rain falls from April to November.


Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone

Geographic coordinates: 

6 30 N, 9 30 W

Map references: 


Area comparative: 

slightly larger than Tennessee

Land boundaries Total: 

1,585 km

Land boundaries Note: 


tropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers


mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast

Natural resources: 

iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower

Natural hazards: 

dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March)

Environment - current issues: 

tropical rain forest deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; pollution of coastal waters from oil residue and raw sewage

Geography note: 

facing the Atlantic Ocean, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture