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Chad: Chad Agriculture Profile


 Chad  agriculture

Cereal production expected to recover in 2016

Harvesting of coarse grains has started in most parts of the country. Prospects are favourable mainly due to sufficient rains received at the start of the cropping season and subsequent normal to above-normal precipitation in most agricultural regions. Despite pockets of dryness in the Sudanian zone, an above‑average 2016 crop is expected, according to preliminary estimates.

Last year, cereal production dropped below average due to irregular rains in several parts of the country. The 2015 accumulation cereal production was estimated at some 2.45 million tonnes, 11 % below the previous year’s output and 9 % below average. As a result, the pasture situation was characterized by lower pastures, early drying of ponds and waterholes and early transhumant descent towards the South.

Coarse grain prices remained mostly stable

In spite of the reduced crop in Chad, coarse grain prices have been mostly stable throughout 2015 and 2016 so far, reflecting adequate regional supplies and imports from neighbouring nations inclunding favourable prospects for the 2016 cereal production. The steep depreciation of the local currency in neighbouring Nigeria as well supported increased cereal imports to Chad.

Food security continues to be affected by civil insecurity in neighbouring countries

Chad hosts a large number of refugees due to the continuing civil conflict in neighbouring nations: the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria and the Sudan. The ongoing civil insecurity due to Boko Haram led to large people displacement compromising the food security amongst refugees, returnees and host communities in the Lake Chad region. According to OCHA, as of October 2016, about 111 980 people have been internally displaced, due to insecurity in the Lake Chad Region. In addition, over 387 000 refugees are estimated to be currently living in Chad, while about 95 108 Chadians have returned to the country. As a result of these various factors, about 941 000 people are currently estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above and are in need of urgent assistance across the country, according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.


  • Crop prospects favourable due to adequate rainfall since beginning of cropping season
  • Prices of millet and sorghum remained mostly stable in recent months
  • Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees