Africa > Southern Africa > South Africa

South Africa

Capital: Pretoria (executive capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital) GDP 2016:0.3 %
Key Facts
Full name: Republic of South Africa
Population: 50.5 million (UN, 2011)
Largest city: Johannesburg
Area: 1.22 million sq km (470,693 sq miles)
Major languages: 11 official languages including English, Afrikaans, Sesotho, Setswana, Xhosa and Zulu
Major religion: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy: 53 years (men), 54 years (women)
Monetary unit: 1 Rand = 100 cents
Main exports: Gold, diamonds, metals and minerals, cars,
GNI per capita: US $6,090 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .za
International dialling code: +27
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    The country (South Africa) is situated in Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa.
    It has borders with Botswana for 1840km, Mozambique for 491km, Lesotho for 909km, Namibia for 967km, Swaziland for 430km and Zimbabwe for 225km.
    Land in South Africa is vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain.
    South African land covers an area of 1219912 km².

    The climate is mostly semiarid and subtropical along east coast with sunny days and cool nights.
    South African(s) speak IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2%

  • Pretoria


    Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the executive (administrative) and de facto national capital; the others are Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Bloemfontein, the judicial capital.

    Pretoria is sometimes regarded as being divided into three sections: West, East and north, relative to the CBD (Central Business District). Pretoria is contained within the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality as one of several constituent forme administrations (part which as well Centurion and Soshanguve).

  • Pretoria


    Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is of the country's three capital cities, serving as the executive (administrative) and de facto national capital; the others are Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Bloemfontein, the judicial capital.Pretoria is divided into three sections: pretoria west, east and north. Pretoria is contained within the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality as of several constituent former administrations (part which as well Centurion and Soshanguve). Pretoria itself is sometimes referred to as "Tshwane" due to a long-running and controversial proposed change of name, which has from now on to be decided, as of 2012.