Africa > West Africa > Gambia


Capital: Banjul; GDP growth (annual %) 2016 : 1.6%
Key Facts

Full name: Republic of The Gambia
Population: 1.8 million (UN, 2011)
Area: 11,295 sq km (4,361 sq miles)
Major languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula
Major religions: Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy: 58 years (men), 60 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 dalasi = 100 butut
Main exports: Peanuts and peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels
GNI per capita: US $450 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .gm
International dialling code: +220
International dialling code: +241

  • Africa's Relationship With China Is Ancient History


    In 2002 South Africa's Parliament unveiled a digital reproduction of a map - of China, the Middle East and Africa - that some speculated could be the initial map of the African continent. The Da Ming Hun Yi Tu - the Comprehensive Map of the Great Ming Empire - was drawn up around 1389 during the Ming Dynasty, according to historian Hyunhee Park.

  • Climate change laws around the world


    There has been a 20-fold increase in the number of global climate change laws since 1997, according to the most comprehensive database of relevant policy and legislation.

    The database, produced by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and the Sabin Center on Climate Change Law, includes more than 1,200 relevant policies across 164 countries, which account for 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Classroom at the rural primary school Ecole Keur Madaro near Thies, Senegal.


    Over the last 15 years, West African governments and the international community have been successful at expanding access to primary schooling and from presently on, a ground-breaking regional learning assessment has revealed that the quality of education has remained elusive. The majority of children surveyed were not acquiring the basic literacy and math skills that are crucial for building human capital in the region.

  • Gambia has unilaterally taken his country out of the Commonwealth


    President Yahya Jammeh of The Gambia has unilaterally taken his country out of the Commonwealth, becoming the initial African leader to do so since President Robert Mugabe took Zimbabwe out in 2003.

    A statement reportedly issued late Wednesday said the "government has withdrawn its membership of the British Commonwealth and decided that the Gambia will at no time be a member of any neo-colonial institution and will at no time be a party to any institution that represents an extension of colonialism".

  • Africa: Making Things Happen at the Bank - 'Not a Talk Shop' - Akin Adesina


    Dr. Akinwumi Adesina is focusing on five areas to achieve the African and world goals for a prosperous continent since becoming president of the African Development Bank - Africa's major public financial institution in September 2015. He was a keynote speaker at this month's Corporate Council on Africa's U.S.- Africa Business Summit in Washington D.C. and moderated a lively panel with five African government ministers. He as well received the Gene White Lifetime Succcess Award from the World Child Nutrition Foundation. This week, he was named the 2017 recipient of the World Food Prize, a prestigious honor that includes a $250,000 award. In an interview in Washington, DC, Adesina discussed the Development Bank's ambitious schedule and his vision for attracting the increase capital Africa needs. Posting questions for AllAfrica was Noluthando Crockett-Ntonga.

  • Gambia and Beijing rekindle ties


    The announcement was made next a conference in Beijing between Foreign Minister Wang Yi and his Gambian counterpart Neneh Macdouall-Gaye, the Chinese foreign ministry said in a statement on its website. China announced on Thursday it had formally resumed diplomatic ties with Gambia, a former ally of Taipei.

    Taiwan’s foreign ministry instantly expressed regret at Gambia’s shift of diplomatic allegiance. “Taiwan will continue to strengthen cooperation and friendship with its diplomatic allies,” the ministry said.

  • Outlook for 2013-14


    The country (Gambia) is situated in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal. It has borders with Senegal for 740km. Land in The Gambia is flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills.

    The climate is tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May).

    Outlook for 2012-13

    The president, Yahya Jammeh, and the ruling party, the Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction, are expected to retain a firm grip on power over the estimate period through a combination of patronage and repression. Relations with Senegal will remain volatile owing to ongoing instability in Senegal's Casamance region, but are not expected to break down entirely. The broad direction of policy will remain market-orientated and seek to attract foreign investment . Real GDP increase is estimate to slow down to 1.2% in 2012, following failed harvests and sluggish increase in the tourist sector, before rebounding to 5.5% in 2013 as agriculture benefits from a sharp increase in public spending and tourism makes a slow recovery.