Capital: Sarajevo ; GDP growth (annual %) 2016 : 1.6%
Key Facts

Full name: Bosnia and Hercegovina
Population: 3.8 million (UN, 2010)
Area: 51,129 sq km (19,741 sq miles)
Major languages: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian
Major religions: Christianity, Islam
Life expectancy: 73years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 convertible marka = 100 convertible pfenniga
Main exports: Wood and paper, metal products
GNI per capita: US $4,770 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .ba
International dialling code: +387 

  • Climate change laws around the world


    There has been a 20-fold increase in the number of global climate change laws since 1997, according to the most comprehensive database of relevant policy and legislation.

    The database, produced by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and the Sabin Center on Climate Change Law, includes more than 1,200 relevant policies across 164 countries, which account for 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Brexit negotiations should treat energy as ‘special case’


    There are strong practical reasons why the UK and EU should treat energy as a appropriate case during Brexit negotiations, argues a new statement.

    The statement, jointly authored by Chatham Home, the University of Exeter and the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC), says finding common ground on energy during the Brexit negotiations would benefit both the UK and remaining EU27, while compromise may be relatively easier to achieve than for other areas.

  • Boris Vujčić, Governor of the Croatian National Bank


    In 2012, the banking sector remained stable. It is well-capitalised and resilient to external shocks. In addition, the national currency has remained strong over recent years, and inflation has remained at moderate levels. What strategies are you implementing to balance a stable exchange rate, low inflation and the need for economic increase?