Africa > North Africa > Sudan > Sudan Geography Profile 2011

Sudan: Sudan Geography Profile 2011



Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea

Geographic coordinates: 

15 00 N, 30 00 E

Map references: 


Area comparative: 

slightly more than one-quarter the size of the US

Land boundaries Total: 

7,687 km

Land boundaries Note: 


tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)


generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north

Natural resources: 

petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower

Natural hazards: 

dust storms and periodic persistent droughts

Environment - current issues: 

inadequate supplies of potable water; wildlife populations threatened by excessive hunting; soil erosion; desertification; periodic drought

Geography note: 

largest country in Africa; dominated by the Nile and its tributaries