Africa > West Africa > Sierra leone > Sierra leone Geography Profile 2011

Sierra Leone: Sierra leone Geography Profile 2011



Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

Geographic coordinates: 

8 30 N, 11 30 W

Map references: 


Area comparative: 

slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries Total: 

958 km

Land boundaries Note: 


tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)


coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east

Natural resources: 

diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

Natural hazards: 

dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February); sandstorms, dust storms

Environment - current issues: 

rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleted natural resources; overfishing

Geography note: 

rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa