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Mauritania: Mauritania Energy Resource Profile 2012






Mauritania Energy Profile 2012

The electricity capacity has been multiplied by 1.5 since 2007. A 36 MW power plant has been commissioned at Nouakchott in 2010 and 2011 (cost of US $60m), as well as a 22 MW power plant in Nouhadibou in 2011. Total signed in 2011 a contact for the exploration and production of the C9 off-shore bloc.

Overall, Africa boosted world-wide consumption of crude oil. Significant increase in Nigerian crude oil production offset falls in Algeria, Iraq and Venezuela. South-Africa increased its coal trade surplus by 4.5% during the year, while Algerian natural gas output fell another 12%. Africa also registered a 6% increase in power generation.



The Sector development strategy.
The assigned objectives to the sector are as follows
  • Improving the geological infrastructure 
  • Availability of varied and reliable data bases (mapping, environmental and geological researches & studies etc.
  • Integration of the sector to the economy
  • Strengthening institutional capacity
  • Mining Safety and Preservation of the Environment pollution

A Mining Heaven

  • Gold geothermal (green rocks, shear zones)- BIF, hosting deposits of iron and gold - magmatic sulfide deposits (Ni, Cu, PGE) in the ultra basic complex and komatites - chromate + EGP in the serpentinites .
  • Diamonds in kimberlitic and other gems.
  • Pegmatite with rare metal (Li, Be, Ta, Nb, Th, U, Sn, W).
  • Massive volcanic deposits of sulfide (VHMS) (Cu, Zn, Pb, Au, Ag).
  • Deposits of pegmatite.
  • Ornamental stone.
  • Deposits of Fe-oxide Cu-Au-U, P, TR, Ba, F, Ag, Mo, Co, As and Zn.
  • Cu, Th, U, P, F, Cu in the alkaline complex.
  • Vein of Au geothermal (the shear zone).
  • Pegmatite with rare metal (Li, Be, Ta, Nb, Th, U, Sn, W).
  • The veins in relation to the granite, mineralization and skarn replacement (Au, Cu etc.)
  • Cu hosted by the sediments (± Co, Ag, Pb, Zn, PGE, Au, U, V).
  • Cu, Au, Ni, Cr ± in the amphibolites complex and serpentinites .
  • Ni Co- in literate.
  • Stratiform base metals (VHMS or Sedex) (Cu, Pb, Zn, Au, Ag).
  • Stratiform metals base in the shallow marine sediments (Pb, Zn, Cu, Co, Ba) - phosphate and U in shallow marine sediments.
  • Deposits of sandstone-type U in the continental red beds.
  • Placer deposits (Au).
  • Oil.
  • Underground water.
  • Gypsum, salt and suffers from sabkha - sedimentary phosphoresces.
  • Ti and Zr in the heavy mineral sands.
  • Deposits of sandstone-U deposits – oil.
  • Underground water.

Mauritania also has many other indices such as peat, suffer, lead, zink, chromium, manganese black sands, uranium, rare earths, beryllium and lithium, and a potential of building materials (Grainer, sand, etc. ...) Industrial minerals and stones (gemne) ornamental stones) and various substances (clay, limestone, kaolin dolman ... etc).