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Guinea-Bissau: Guinea-bissau Agriculture Profile



Above-average harvest expected this year, reflecting favourable weather conditions

Harvesting of rice, the major crop produced in Guinea-Bissau, is expected to begin in October. Harvesting of the 2016 maize crop has by presently started. An above-average production is estimate this year owing to favourable weather conditions and an expansion in rice planted area. Satellite images indicate that rainfall has been adequate since the beginning of the cropping season in July in most parts of the country. These in general favourable conditions permitted satisfactory crop development in major producing zones. Moreover, the country is expected to significantly expand rice area in the framework of a new UEMOA-funded project.

Cereal production by presently recovered significantly last year following the 2014 reduced harvest. Official estimates put the 2015 accumulation cereal production at about 208 600 tonnes, 28 % above the previous year’s output. However, this level of production is still 9 % below average. Production of rice (paddy), the majority significant staple, as well increased by 28 % compared to the previous year’s output.

Food security situation remains difficult for large segments of population

Guinea-Bissau is highly dependent on rice imports. Approximately 40 % of the national cereal requirements are satisfied through imports, and cashew nut incomes normally permit farmers to complete their food crop production by purchasing imported rice. The producer price of cashew increased by 40‑70 % in 2015, which resulted in a gain to farmers’ gain. As a result, larger export volumes are anticipated this year. However, about 26 917 people are estimated to be in Phase: 3 “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis conducted in the country.


  • Satellite data analysis points to an above-average rice harvest in 2016
  • Food security situation remains difficult for large segments of population