Africa > Central Africa > Gabon > Gabon People Profile

Gabon: Gabon People Profile

2015/03/13

 

 Gabon,Libreville,religious school,group of children and women

 

The total people in Gabon was last recorded at 1.6 million people in 2012 from 0.5 million in 1960, changing 226 % during the last 50 years. People in Gabon averaged 0.93 Million from 1960 until 2012, reaching an all time high of 1.63 Million in 2012 and a record low of 0.50 Million in 1961. People in Gabon is reported by the World Bank.

Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic, is a sovereign national on the west coast of Central Africa, bordered by the Republic of the Congo, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Gulf of Guinea. Gabon has a people estimated at 1.71 million in 2014.

gabon population

Gabon Population

Gabon has a total area of almost 270,000 square kilometers (76th in the world) with a people density of around 5.5 people per square kilometer, which ranks 216th in the world and makes Gabon one of the least densely populated nations on earth. The capital and major city is Libreville, which has a people estimated at 582,000 in 2014. While the people of Gabon has been increasing steadily since the 1960s, it declined between 1900 and 1940.

Gabon Demographics

Nearly all Gabonese today are of Bantu origin, but there are at least 40 ethnic groups in the country. It is believed that the Fang are the major, but recent census data favors the Nzebi people. Other groups include the Myene, Kota, Shira, Puru and Kande. There are as well several Pygmy groups, inclunding the Baka, Kota and Bongo. The Pygmies were the earliest inhabitants of the area, although they were mostly restored and absorbed by the Bantu tribes.

Gabon has relatively little ethnic tension, particularly compared to other nations in Sub-Saharan Africa, as its ethnic groups are spread throughout the country and intermarriage between groups is common.

Gabon Today

Gabon has the Human Development Indexes in Sub-Saharan Africa. Abundant petroleum, foreign private investment , and a low people density have helped to make the country one of the majority prosperous in Sub-Saharan Africa with the third highest GDP per capita in the area. Gabon's people is currently growing at a rate of 2.4% per year.