Eritrea: Asmara

2012/12/16

Asmara (Arabic: أسمرة‎, Tigrinya: ኣስመራ?, Asmera), known as Asmera to the inhabitants, meaning "The four (feminine plural) made them unite" in Tigrinya) is the capital city and largest settlement in Eritrea, home to a population of 649,000 inhabitants. Sitting at an elevation of 2,325 metres (7,628 ft), it is located at the tip of an escarpment that is both the northwestern edge of the Eritrean highlands and the Great Rift Valley.
Asmara is situated in Eritrea's central Maekel Region. It is known for its well-preserved colonial Italian modern architecture,and is divided into thirteen districts or administrative areas: Acria, Abbashaul, Edaga Hamus, Arbaete Asmara, Mai Temenai, Paradiso, Sembel, Godaif, Maekel Ketema or Downtown, Tiravolo, Gejeret, Tsetserat and Gheza Banda.

Asmara's population of around 564,000 residents makes it the largest city in Eritrea. Although all ethnic groups are represented in the capital, the largest groups are the Tigrinya people (77%) and the Tigre people (15%). In Asmara, the main language is Tigrinya. Arabic, Italian and English are also widely spoken and understood.
The Eritrean government's 2003 national census found 99.67% of Asmara's housing units had access to safe drinking water, 96.9% had flush toilets, 2.1% pit toilets (both ventilated and unventilated), and 1% had no toilet facilities. Adult literacy for men is 95.2% and for women 89.95%, the highest in the nation for both sexes.

The city lies at an elevation of 2,325 metres above sea level. It lies on north-south trending highlands known as the Eritrean Highlands, an extension of the Ethiopian Highlands. The temperate central portion, where Asmara lies, is situated on a rocky highland plateau, which separates the western lowlands from the eastern coastal plains. The lands that surround Asmara are very fertile, especially those to the south towards the Debub Region of Eritrea. The highlands that Asmara is located in fall away to reveal the eastern lowlands, characterised by the searing heat and humidity of the Eritrean salt pans, lapped by the Red Sea. To the west of the plateau stretches a vast semi-arid hilly terrain continuing all the way towards the border with Sudan through the Gash-Barka Region.

Related Articles
  • Africa's Relationship With China Is Ancient History

    2017/07/02 In 2002 South Africa's Parliament unveiled a digital reproduction of a map - of China, the Middle East and Africa - that some speculated could be the initial map of the African continent. The Da Ming Hun Yi Tu - the Comprehensive Map of the Great Ming Empire - was drawn up around 1389 during the Ming Dynasty, according to historian Hyunhee Park.
  • Africa: Making Things Happen at the Bank - 'Not a Talk Shop' - Akin Adesina

    2017/07/02 Dr. Akinwumi Adesina is focusing on five areas to achieve the African and world goals for a prosperous continent since becoming president of the African Development Bank - Africa's major public financial institution in September 2015. He was a keynote speaker at this month's Corporate Council on Africa's U.S.- Africa Business Summit in Washington D.C. and moderated a lively panel with five African government ministers. He as well received the Gene White Lifetime Succcess Award from the World Child Nutrition Foundation. This week, he was named the 2017 recipient of the World Food Prize, a prestigious honor that includes a $250,000 award. In an interview in Washington, DC, Adesina discussed the Development Bank's ambitious schedule and his vision for attracting the increase capital Africa needs. Posting questions for AllAfrica was Noluthando Crockett-Ntonga.
  • Climate change laws around the world

    2017/05/14 There has been a 20-fold increase in the number of global climate change laws since 1997, according to the most comprehensive database of relevant policy and legislation. The database, produced by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and the Sabin Center on Climate Change Law, includes more than 1,200 relevant policies across 164 countries, which account for 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Eritrea Outlook for 2015-17

    2015/10/07 The country (Eritrea) is situated in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan.It has borders with Djibouti for 109km, Ethiopia for 912km and Sudan for 605km. Land in Eritrea is dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains. The climat is hot with a dry desert strip along the Red Sea coast, it is cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September) and it is semiarid in western hills and lowlands; Eritrean(s) speak Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages. Eritrea is aiming at creating a modern, private sector-led economy(Macro Policy 1994; National Indicative Development Plan 2014-2018). Attaining this objective is, however, compromised by an inadequately enabling investment and business environment, United Nations sanctions, and in general weak macroeconomic conditions.
  • Bilateral economic cooperation and trade continued to strengthen.

    2015/10/02 In 2010, the friendly and cooperative relations between the People's Republic of China and the National of Eritrea enjoyed healthy and sound development. The two nations maintained friendly exchanges. From 27 to 29 August, Vice Foreign Minister Zhai Jun visited Eritrea. He met with President Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea and held talks with the Chief of Political Affairs of the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) Yemane Ghebreab, Chief of Economic Affairs of PFDJ Hagos Ghebrehiwet and Foreign Minister Osman Saleh.