Africa > Central Africa > Congo Kinshasa > Congo Kinshasa People Profile

Congo Kinshasa: Congo Kinshasa People Profile


Domesticated elephants near Garamba National Park,Congo,DRC

Republic of the Congo Population

The total population in Republic of the Congo was last recorded at 4.3 million people in 2012 from 1.0 million in 1960, changing 330 percent during the last 50 years. Population in Republic of the Congo is reported by the World Bank. Republic of the Congo Population averaged 2.31 million from 1960 until 2012, reaching an all time high of 4.34 million in December of 2012 and a record low of 1.01 million in December of 1960. The population of Republic of the Congo represents 0.06 percent of the world´s total population which arguably means that one person in every 1684 people on the planet is a resident of Republic of the Congo. 

Labour Last   Previous Highest Lowest Forecast   Unit Trend
Population 4.34 2012-12-31 4.23 4.34 1.01 4.35 2013-12-31 million Trend
Unemployment Rate 26.60 2010-12-31   26.60 26.60 26.60 2011-12-31 percent Trend

Population | Notes
Population estimates are usually produced by a country´s statistical office or Census Bureau. The Population Census provides the most reliable picture of a country's population because the data is collected at a specified time from the entire population; in contrast to other surveys, in which information is collected from only a small part of the residents. When monthly population estimates are required, the population count is updated by adding births, subtracting deaths, and adding net international migration since the census date.


Roman Catholic and Protestant missions have long been active in the country, with current figures showing that about 55% of the people are Roman Catholic and about 25% are Protestant. Until 1990, only three Christian churches were officially recognized denominations: the Roman Catholic Church; the Church of Christ; and the charismatic Kimbanguist Church, which claims to be the major independent African church on the continent. Kimbanguists constituted about 10% of the people in 1998. Currently, there are other minority protestant groups, inclunding Jehovah's Witnesses and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. There is a Muslim minority in the northeast, accounting for about 3%. Others adhere to syncretic sects and traditional African beliefs.
During the 1970s, the regime of President Mobutu moved to curb the influence of the Roman Catholic Church. All church-affiliated schools and voluntary associations were either disbanded or taken over by the national. The power of the church was further eroded in 1974 with the cancellation of religious holidays, and as of January 1975, religious instruction in primary and secondary schools was abolished. As of the mid-1980s, however, the Roman Catholic Church, along with the smaller churches, remained independent of government apparatus. In 2002, the country did not have a constitution in result, however, the government has generally provided for religious freedom through the Regulation of Nonprofit Associations and Public Utility Institutions statute.

Ethnic groups

There are over 200 African ethnic groups, of which the majority are Bantu. Bantu-speaking peoples form about 80% of the people. Most of the rest are Sudanic-speaking groups in the north and northeast. In the cuvette are found about 80,000–100,000 Pygmies. Part the Bantu-speaking peoples, the major groups are the Kongo, or Bakongo, in Lower Zaire; the Luba, or Baluba, in East Kasai and Shaba; the Mongo and related groups in the cuvette area; and the Lunda and Chokwe in Bandundu and West Kasai; the Bemba and Hemba in Shaba; and the Kwango and Kasai in Bandundu. The four major tribes—Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic)—make up about 45% of the total people. Non-Africans include Belgians, Greeks, Lebanese, and Asian Indians.


As a lot of as 700 languages and dialects are spoken in the DROC. Serving as regional linguae francae are four African languages: Lingala is used in the north from Kisangani to Kinshasa, inclunding in the armed forces, and is being deliberately promoted by the present government; Swahili, in the Kingwana dialect, is used in the east; Kikongo in Lower Zaire; and Tshiluba in the south-central area. In addition, Lomongo is widely spoken in the cuvette. French is the official language and is widely used in government and commerce.