Africa > Central Africa > Congo Brazzaville > Congo Brazzaville Education Profile

Congo Brazzaville: Congo Brazzaville Education Profile

2012/03/05

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12.6% of the Congolese budget is spent on education; 40% on primary education, 31% on secondary level, and 27% on tertiary level. Only 1% goes to pre-primary education. Education in Congo takes 13 years, from the initial level of Primary School to the Higher Certificate.

Primary Level

Primary level in the Republic of the Congo takes six years, at least. The average age at which children arrive at school is 5.5 years. Primary school consists of six grades; two preparatory, two elementary, and two medium classes. At the end of the second medium class, the young learner is required to do the Secondary School Entry Test, on which his entry to secondary level is hinged.

Secondary School

Secondary school takes seven years. It consists of two parts, the initial one being “college”, and the second “lycée”.

In the republic of the Congo, a French-speaking Country, the term “college” refers to the initial four grades of the Secondary School, inclunding Grades 7, 8, 9 and 10. The term “lycée” (or lycee) on the other hand refers to the three and last grades of Secondary Level, inclunding Grades 11, 12 and 13. There are three kinds of lycées in the country: Agricultural, Technical and General Lycées. The Agricultural lycée welcomes students interested in agriculture. At technical lycée, students are provided with skills on technological field, inclunding mechanics, engineering and architecture, part others. All other students go to the General Lycée.

Both Agricultural and Technical lycées welcome students through a appropriate test, whereas the general lycée is open to all who succeed at the GCSE examination, which occur at the end of Grade 10.

The General Lycée

Upon entering General lycée, students are asked to choose in Grade 10 which division they want to enter in. In fact, General Lycée consists of two sections with three grades each. Those interested in sciences go to the S division, whereas others go to LE division. Students in Grade 11LE interested in economics go to Subdivision B (for Business), while those interested in languages go to Subdivision A2, and others interested in human sciences enter sub-division A3. Other students go to subdivision A1.

Meanwhile, those in Grade 11S which are interested in biological and/or earth sciences go to Subdivision D, others interested in physics and mathematics go to Subdivision C.

At Grade 13, each student is required to do the Senior School Higher Certificate Examination, no matter which lycée they are studying in.

Tertiary Level

Most Congolese attend Marien Ngouabi University, once they have got their Higher Certificate, although it is not the only option.

Medical Education in the Republic of Congo

Next physicians and medicine-related officers learn at the faculty of medicine of Marien Ngouabi University. To enter that faculty, they are required to pass a test, plus having succeeded at the Higher Certificate Exam. Most attendees to the faculty have a C or D Higher Certificate.

Education on Medicine takes seven years during which there is no intermediate degree. It consists of three levels; in the initial three years, students are taught on general aspects, inclunding anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology etc. The next level deals with theoretical medicine and pharmacy. The last level is on training in hospitals.