Africa > Central Africa > Congo Brazzaville > Congo Brazzaville Agriculture Profile

Congo Brazzaville: Congo Brazzaville Agriculture Profile


Congo Brazzaville Agriculture


Erratic rainfall in September and October affect planting of major season maize crop

Harvesting of cassava, the principal staple in the country, is currently underway. Satellite-based data and analysis indicate that crop growing conditions have been generally favourable. By contrast, the planting of the major 2014 maize crop, normally completed in October, may have been delayed by early season dryness in several parts of the country (see Map 1).

Before in the year, the second season maize crop, planted from February, was harvested in June-July. According to satellite imagery analysis, crops benefited from adequate rainfall throughout the growing period (see Map 2).
Average import requirement levels estimate in 2015

Domestic crop production covers a small proportion of consumption requirements, with imports accounting for approximately 94 % of total cereal utilization, mainly through commercial channels.

In the 2015 marketing time(January/December), the cereal import requirement, mainly wheat and rice, is estimate at around 300 000 tonnes, similar to the previous year.

Inflation rates declining in 2014

According to the IMF, the average inflation rate, which was estimated at 4.6 % in 2013, declined to 2.2 % in 2014, mainly due to a stronger currency and lower world food prices.

In the last several years, rates of inflation were very volatile, increasing from 2.6 % in 2007 to about 5 % in 2008-2010, again declining to 1.8 % in 2011 and increasing again to 5 % in 2012.

Critical food insecurity part the refugees from the Central African Republic

In late October 2014, the number of refugees, which entered the country from the Central African Republic (CAR), was estimated at additional than 20 000 and are assisted through international organizations.

About 70 % of the refugees are registered and settled near the town of Betou in Likouala province and about 20 % in the capital, Brazzaville; other settlements are in Impfondo and Pointe Noire.

According to the findings of a joint WFP/UNHCR Food Security and Household Vulnerability Assessment conducted in April 2014, an estimated 56.8 % of the refugee households from CAR are food insecure (46.5 % being moderately food insecure and 10.3 % severely food insecure). In addition, the large majority (74.7 %) of the households has by presently experienced an extreme loss of livelihood assets, with additional than 49 % of them not possessing basic goods (furniture, machetes, lamps, etc.), and 69 % of them having lost all their savings. In addition, about 10 % of the refugee households rely on emergency coping strategies like begging or engaging in illegal activities.

In the framework of the CAR Regional Response Plan launched on 16 April 2014 and revised on 22 July, UNHCR appealed for USD 8.4 million to assist the CAR refugees in Congo. As of late October, only USD 2.2 million was received.

Financial constraints have seriously limited the level of interventions to date. For example, only 47 permanent shelters could be completed out of 200 initially planned at the “15 avril” site in Betou. However, humanitarian interventions resulted in improvements in food security and nutrition. For instance, since the beginning of the emergency, in the Betou area moderate acute malnutrition rates declined from 14 % to 11 % and severe acute malnutrition rates decreased from 9 % to 7 %.