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Cape Verde: Cape Verde Agriculture Profile


In general prospects favourable for 2016 cereal production

Harvesting of the 2016 cereal and pulses crops has started in October and will last until December. Maize production is concentrated in the two islands of Santiago (about 55 %) and Fogo (30 %). Despite irregular precipitation during the cropping season, the 2016 maize crop harvest is estimated at about 5.6 million tonnes, 33 % below the previous year’s record level and similar to the five-year average.

Last year, favourable weather conditions contributed to a significant increase in cereal production. Official estimates put the 2015 maize crop at some 9 000 tonnes, mostly produced in Santiago and Fogo islands. This level of production is nine times higher than the previous year’s drought‑reduced output and significantly above average.

Food security situation expected to remain stable in 2016/17 marketing year

In general food availability is expected to remain adequate during the 2016/17 marketing time(November/October) reflecting declining cereal prices on the international market and good supplies from two consecutive years of good crops. Cabo Verde is highly dependent on cereal imports, particularly for rice and wheat, which are not grown in the country. Approximately 80 % of the national cereal requirements are imported. International cereal prices have been following a downward trend over the last few months.

Despite, the increase in domestic production which had a positive impact on farmers’ gain and access to food, the results of the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis in the country indicated that about 8 061 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and needed urgent assistance between October and December.


  • Harvesting of 2016 cereal and pulses crops underway; harvest prospects generally favourable
  • Food security conditions expected to remain stable in 2015/16 marketing year (November/October) reflecting good supplies from two consecutive above-average harvests and favourable trends in international food export markets