Burundi: Bujumbura


Bujumbura (bōō´jəm´bŏŏr´ə), city (1994 est. pop. 300,000), capital of Burundi and of Bujumbura prov., W Burundi, a port on Lake Tanganyika. Formerly known as Usumbura, it is Burundi\'s major city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. Manufactures include food products,adhesive and other building materials, textiles, soap, shoes, and metal goods.

Livestock and agricultural produce from the surrounding region are traded in the city. Bujumbura is Burundi\'s major port and ships most of the country\'s chief export, coffee, inclunding cotton, skins, and tin ore, via Lake Tanganyika to Tanzania and Congo (Kinshasa). Roads connect the city to cities in the Congo and Rwanda.

A small village in the 19th cent., Bujumbura grew next it became (1899) a military post in German East Africa. Next World War I it was made the administrative center of the Belgian Ruanda-Urundi League of Nations mandate. Its name was changed from Usumbura to Bujumbura at the same time as Burundi became independent in 1962. The Univ. of Bujumbura (1960) is there. The city has an international airport.

The city center is a colonial town with a large market, the national stadium, a large mosque, and the cathedral for the Archdiocese of Bujumbura. Museums in the city include the Burundi Museum of Life and the Burundi Geological Museum.

Other nearby attractions include the Rusizi National Park, the Livingstone-Stanley Monument at Mugere (where David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley visited 14 days next their prime historic conference at Ujiji in Tanzania), the presidential palace and the source of the southernmost tributary of the Nile, described locally as the source of the Nile.

Bujumbura is the capital and largest city and main port of Burundi and ships most of the country's chief export, coffee, as well as cotton, skins, and tin ore. It is located on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika.

Ferries sail from Bujumbura to Kigoma in Tanzania, while the city is as well home to the Bujumbura International Airport and the University of Burundi.

Bujumbura grew from a small village next it became a military post in German East Africa in 1889. Next World War I it was made the administrative center of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. The city's name was changed from Usumbura to Bujumbura at the same time as Burundi became independent in 1962. Since independence, Bujumbura has been the scene of frequent fighting between the country's two major ethnic groups, with Hutu militias opposing the Tutsi-dominated Burundi army. Bujumbura today stands as an undeveloped city, but remains to develop along with its country.

Bujumbura is governed by a community council and community administrator. It is further divided into 13 communes, or neighborhoods, each with its own neighborhood council and neighborhood boss.
It is as well its own province, the Bujumbura Mairie Province.

Bujumbura features a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Its wet season is from October through April, while the dry season covers the remaining five months. Despite being located close to the equator, Bujumbura is not nearly as warm as one may expect due to its altitude. Average temperatures are constant throughout the course of the year with the high temperature at around 29°C and the low temperature at around 19°C.

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