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Burundi: Burundi Agriculture Profile


Minor 2013 C season crops about to be harvested

Harvesting of the 2013 C season crops has just started and will continue until November. The 2013 C season production, which accounts for about 15 percent of annual production of beans, potatoes, rice and vegetables, is expected to be average.

Overall, the 2013 cereal production is provisionally forecast at about 260 000 tonnes, about 7 percent less than last five year average due to unfavourable weather conditions that affected both A and B seasons, earlier in the year.

Favourable prospects for 2014 A season crops

The onset of the short rainy season (September-January) was on-time in most cropping areas and planting of the 2014 A season crops (which represent about 35 percent of total crop production) is well advanced. The whole country is forecast to receive average to above average rainfall amounts along the season, with favourable effects on crop yields and pasture conditions.

Maize prices at record high levels

Prices of locally produced beans and cassava flour, the main staples, increased from June to August by 6 and 17 percent, respectively, due to a below average B season harvest. Retail prices of maize increased by 7 percent in June and remained at record level of about BIF 1 000 per kg in the following months. The re-introduction of a 19 percent import tax on staple food items in late June contributed to drive maize prices up, given that about half of the country’s consumption requirement is satisfied with imports.

Food security conditions expected to decline until the end of the year as the lean season deepens

Although household food stocks are gradually declining, the country’s food security situation is generally favourable. Some problems of food access are reported for poor households in the Plateaux Humides livelihood zone that experienced well below average production of banana and cassava following widespread attacks of plant diseases. The overall situation is expected to worsen until the end of the year, when the lean season ends and the newly harvested 2014 A season crops become available.


As of June 2013, about 167 000 people were registered as IDPs, asylum seekers, refugees and returnees and they mostly rely on humanitarian assistance to cover food needs.