Africa > North Africa > Algeria > Algeria Government Profile 2012

Algeria: Algeria Government Profile 2012

2012/02/15

Elections for the partial renewal of the member of the Conseil de la Nation (the Senate) were held at the end of December 2009. Out of the 48 seats due for new election, 45 were won by the "Presidential Alliance". A so-called "semi-universal weekend" (Friday and Saturday, instead of Thursday and Friday) was also introduced in 2009. Aimed at responding to concerns over the efficiency and ability to react of domestic and foreign entrepreneurs, this measure should enable the country to increase trade with other countries by more than USD 1 billion. Security in Algeria has improved considerably, and the provisions in the peace and reconciliation charter continue to be deployed, but the state of emergency remains in effect.

Government type: 

republic

Administrative divisions: 
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Algeria Government Profile 2012

48 provinces (wilayat, singular - wilaya); Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen

Independence: 

5 July 1962 (from France)

National holiday: 

Revolution Day, 1 November (1954)

Constitution: 

8 September 1963; revised 19 November 1976; effective 22 November 1976; revised 3 November 1988, 23 February 1989, 28 November 1996, 10 April 2002, and 12 November 2008


In April 2009, Abdelaziz Bouteflika was re-elected with over 90% of the vote for a third consecutive five-year term, following a constitutional revision abolishing term limits in 2008. Turnout for the presidential election was high (74.5%), with almost 15m votes cast out of a total of 20m registered voters. Unofficially, the president belongs to the National Liberation Front (Front Liberation Nationale, FLN), which is the country’s dominant political party. The Rassemblement National Democratique (RND) and Movement of Society for Peace (Mouvement de la Societe pour la Paix, MSP) are member parties of the presidential coalition, while the Socialist Forces Front (Front des Forces Socialistes, FFS) and the Rally for Culture and Democracy movement (Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Democratie, RCD) parties also have a presence, especially in the west of the country. Bouteflika campaigned on a platform of further measures for national reconciliation and the country’s second “million home” housing initiative. Economic reform is also a major pillar of his new administration, with the continuing privatisation of state-owned companies a priority. Algeria is taking pains to increase its limited skilled labour force, which has been a barrier to FDI, by increasing its education budget. The country has also ramped up its diplomatic relations with France by taking part in the Union for the Mediterranean project, while working with the EU on measures to stem illegal migration from North Africa.
Legal system: 

socialist, based on French and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials including several Supreme Court justices; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage: 

18 years of age; universal

Legislative branch: 

bicameral Parliament consists of the National Council (upper house; 144 seats; one-third of the members appointed by the president, two-thirds elected by indirect vote to serve six-year terms; the constitution requires half the Council to be renewed every three years) and the National People's Assembly (lower house; 389 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: National Council - last held 28 December 2006 (next to be held 29 December 2009); National People's Assembly - last held 17 May 2007 (next to be held in 2012) election results: National Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; National People's Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FLN 136, RND 61, MSP 52, PT 26, RCD 19, FNA 13, other 49, independents 33;

Judicial branch: 

Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders : 

Ahd 54 [Ali Fauzi REBAINE]; Algerian National Front or FNA [Moussa TOUATI]; National Democratic Rally (Rassemblement National Democratique) or RND [Ahmed OUYAHIA]; National Liberation Front or FLN [Abdelaziz BELKHADEM, secretary general]; National Reform Movement or Islah (formerly MRN) [Ahmed ABDESLAM]; Rally for Culture and Democracy or RCD [Said SADI]; Renaissance Movement or EnNahda Movement [Fatah RABEI]; Socialist Forces Front or FFS [Hocine Ait AHMED]; Society of Peace Movement or MSP [Boudjerra SOLTANI]; Workers Party or PT [Louisa HANOUNE]

Political pressure groups and leaders: 

The Algerian Human Rights League or LADDH [Hocine ZEHOUANE]; SOS Disparus [Nacera DUTOUR]

International organization participation: 

ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, BIS, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, MONUC, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OPEC, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)

Flag description: 

two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white; a red, five-pointed star within a red crescent centered over the two-color boundary; the colors represent Islam (green), purity and peace (white), and liberty (red); the crescent and star are also Islamic symbols, but the crescent is more closed than those of other Muslim countries because the Algerians believe the long crescent horns bring happiness