Africa > East Africa > Rwanda > Rwanda Bourse Moves to Boost Trade Volumes, Infuse Liquidity

Rwanda: Rwanda Bourse Moves to Boost Trade Volumes, Infuse Liquidity


The Rwanda Stock Exchange has said it will introduce a market makers scheme in an effort to infuse liquidity in the bearish market and boost volumes traded.

Market makers buy shares of a listed company, warehouse them and sell them to the public at the same time as prices appreciate, creating a balance in the market.

"The legal framework is in place," said Robert Mathu, executive director of the Rwanda Capital Markets Authority, adding that the RSE has as well been pushing for the scheme to be adopted by its regional peers.

The Nairobi Securities Exchange, which has had a difficult run in recent months, is understood to be implementing the market makers scheme. The capping of the lending rate at four % points above the Kenya Bank Reference Rate has reduced investors' appetite for listed companies, reducing their earnings.

In 2015, NSE chief executive officer Geoffrey Odundo said the bourse was working with various stakeholders to develop a framework and regulations to enable market makers, short sellers and stock lenders to operate in the capital market.


The EastAfrican understands that while the market making system is operational in Kenya, the large capital requirement has locked out a lot of brokerage firms.

Davis K Gathaara, general manager of Baraka Capital, a brokerage firm in Kigali and Kampala, has advised the RSE to initial extend trading hours and bring down the settlement time.

The RSE trading floor opens at 9am and closes at 12pm while the settlement time take two days.

Mr Gathaara is optimistic that the market makers will improve turnover on regional equity capital markets, which have suffered half due to continued outflows as investors shift capital to additional advanced economies in search of a lower risk profile.

In 2016, the turnover on the Rwanda bond and equity markets declined by 55.6 % to Rwf17.1 billion ($20.7 million), due to underperformance of most listed companies compared with the same period in 2015.

Kenya's equity market as well performed dismally in quarter four, recording Ksh25.39 billion ($246.5 million) in 2016 compared with Ksh46.10 billion ($447.5 million) in the same period in 2015.

Bond market

The Rwanda bond market has not kept up, as it is dominated by government bonds. The corporate bond market, in addition, has remained under-tapped, with only I&M Bank Rwanda and IFC trading.

The challenge cited by the National Bank of Rwanda (BNR) is that secondary market bond trading is not buoyant, half because investors are holding on to their bonds till maturity.

"The Rwandan capital market still lacks corporate bonds while most investors in government bonds tend to hold the securities up to maturity. These are large challenges to the development of the country's capital market," said BNR.

The volume of bonds traded on the secondary market increased by 85 % to Rwf1.63 billion ($1,9 million) in 2016 from Rwf0.88 billion ($1 million) in 2015 while the number of transactions increased by 230 % -- from 30 transactions in 2015 to 99 transactions in 2016.

Most local deficit markets in Africa were buoyant in 2016, driven by relatively low levels of activity in the Eurobond market by African issuers.

Related Articles
  • Rwanda offers to take in Africans abused in Libya

    2017/11/30 Rwanda's offer follows the release of CNN footage of a live auction in Libya where black youths are presented to north African buyers. Rwanda is willing to provide refuge to as a lot of as 30,000 African migrants suffering abuse and slave-like conditions in Libya, the foreign minister told AFP Wednesday. "Rwanda is currently under discussions... to see how we can help in welcoming migrants held captive in Libya," said Louise Mushikiwabo. "It has just been decided so numbers and means are still under discussion but Rwanda estimates the number to be welcomed around 30,000," she said, adding that this figure "is not confirmed from presently on but an estimation".
  • Namibia Scraps Visas for Africans

    2017/11/01 Namibia has gotten the ball rolling on plans to scrap visa requirements for African passport holders next Cabinet authorised the implementation of this process - to be carried out in line with diplomatic procedures. Namibia will any minute at this time start issuing African passport holders with visas on arrival at ports of entry as a initial step towards the eventual abolition of all visa requirements for all Africans.
  • Africa: Experts Explore Infrastructure and Cooperation to Improve Lives

    2017/11/01 Addis Ababa — African economies require structural transformation to attain sustained increase that trickles down to all its peoples, an official from the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) told experts gathered at the organization’s Ethiopian headquarters. Soteri Gatera, who heads the ECA’s Industrialization and Infrastructure Section, says only such “inclusive” economic increase will help resolve the “persistent social economic problems” Africa faces.
  • Africa's last international banks make their stand

    2017/10/31 On June 1, 2017, Barclays sold a 33.7% stake in its African business, Barclays Africa Group Limited (BAGL). The transaction reduced the UK lender’s stake in its African offshoot to 14.9% and permitted, in accounting terms, the deconsolidation of BAGL from its parent. Additional symbolically, it brought to an end Barclays’ operations on the continent next additional than 100 years. The rise of Africa’s home-grown financial players has led most international lenders to withdraw from the continent. However, Société Générale and Standard Chartered are not only staying put but marking territory for digital expansion. James King reports.
  • Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz Calls For New Strategy

    2017/10/19 Joseph Stiglitz has advised African nations to adopt coordinated strategy encompassing agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and service sectors to attain same success delivered by the old manufacturing export-led strategy. Prof. Stiglitz, an economist and professor at Columbia University, New York, gave the advice at the Babacar Ndiaye lecture series introduced by African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) which debuted in Washington D.C.