Africa > Southern Africa > Botswana > Africa: Expanded Engagement for Caterpillar - Boosting Sales & Alleviating Poverty

Botswana: Africa: Expanded Engagement for Caterpillar - Boosting Sales & Alleviating Poverty


A strong signal of growing business engagement with Africa by large U.S. corporations was the announcement last September by Caterpillar CEO Doug Oberhelman of plans to invest over $1 billion in Africa over the next five years. Caterpillar is not a new-comer, having begun doing business on the continent in 1926. At last month's U.S.-Africa Business Summit in Washington, DC, David Picard, Caterpillar's regional manager for Africa and the Middle East, described some of the steps that have been taken since last year's announcement. He as well talked about the challenges and opportunities he sees, inclunding Nigeria, where the company has operated since 1948. He was interviewed by AllAfrica's Noluthando Crockett-Ntonga and Ladi Olorunyomi from Premium Times in Nigeria. The interview has been edited for clarity and length.

Let's start by asking 'Why Africa?' A lot of don't view the continent as an easy place to do business.

There are challenges. There are the things you see on the news that scare people away. But once people actually get there on the ground, they understand that it is a place that you can do business, that there's an engaged group of people that want to work with American companies in particular.

What is the scope of Caterpillar's African engagement?

We're in 53 nations, and we've got 15,000 people on the ground through our independent dealer network. They're independent but they act as our distribution arm. They do all our sales and local marketing. We sell equipment for major infrastructure projects like rail lines, airports, dams - earth moving of any kind. We have a resource industries division which is in mining and extractive industries. And we have an energy and transportation business that provides electric power generation, diesel, gas and renewable and marine propulsion systems and locomotives for rail.

What has been completed since the announcement of plans to invest over $1 billion in Africa over the next five years?

The billion-dollar commitment is a combination of Caterpillar, our dealers, and the Caterpillar Foundation. The investment is going due into facilities and a recent example is a national-of-the-art facility opened by our dealer Mantrac in Cairo. In August, we will be inaugurating our new 645,000 square-foot distribution center that's going to be serving all of southern Africa with critical replacement parts that our customers need. We're looking at a parts facility in Abidjan as well, and we're investigating opening an office in Nairobi as well.

What role is the Caterpillar Foundation playing in this expansion?

The Foundation is focused on poverty and has launched the 'Together. Stronger' platform to help 50 million people rise out of poverty by 2020. One focus is empowering women. We believe that girls and women are at the core of success across Africa. We invest money through advocacy, but as well through micro-finance projects to help women entrepreneurs enter the business and bring their wares to market.

Do you sell mostly to international companies or locals?

The face of our customers is changing - from international contractors, we're selling additional to local African contractors, and we're pleased to see that transition.

How do you manage to attract the skilled work force that must be needed to maintain your extensive operations?

At each dealership, we have dedicated facilities that bring in apprentices and prospective employees and put them through a training program. A good example is in South Africa where they even have a hotel that they own which allows them to bring employees from neighboring nations like Zambia and Angola and have them remain on site while they go through the training.

What is your advice to U.S. companies who see an opportunity but don't completely know how to get started?

We absolutely endorse the idea of U.S. companies going to Africa if they haven't been and for those that had been and left, approaching back. We're happy to work with them. But additional importantly, in each of the nations, the U.S. embassy has Commerce Department people that help understand local rules and key people to contact.

You have one of the longest track records in Africa. What has enabled Caterpillar to get through tough times over the decades?

Our business model lends itself to the resiliency which is needed in Africa. Our independent dealers are financially strong. They're made up of local African businessmen and women who are well-connected - they understand how things work. It allows us to think world and act local in a way that we think is unmatched.

What has been your biggest challenge?

I'd say there's two principal challenges. One is skills - and we've talked a little bit about that. With Technicians for Africa, we're trying to help overcome that challenge through this online e-learning curriculum that Caterpillar has put out there, absolutely free of charge for any African who would like to educate themselves. All they need is a computer and access to the internet. And at the end of the course, we'll certify their completion and again we'll ask them if they'd like us to share their name with the local Caterpillar dealer or customers to see if they could get employed coming out of that. In early 2016, we piloted in three nations - DRC (Democratic Republic of the Congo) in French, Mozambique in Portuguese and Nigeria in English. Presently, we're in 17 nations with over 10,000 students enrolled.

The other one is finance . Particularly for entrepreneurs that are entering construction, getting affordable finance - I've been hearing horror stories of 20% to 30% interest rates in a number of nations. It's really hard for an entrepreneur who wants to get into the construction business, who wants to buy a backhoe loader or a small excavator. It's very difficult to make their numbers work at the same time as they have to pay that kind of interest.

Zeroing in on Nigeria , for a moment, where they have really outrageous interest rates, how has that affected your full ability to do business?

We understand that the Nigeria situation is due to an economic downturn. I don't expect that that's going to be permanent situation but it's one that's been a challenge for our customers. It makes it difficult for an entrepreneur entering the business and for those that are additional experienced as well with those kinds of rates.

Do you regard the current government as business friendly?

The government has focused on stamping out corruption, and we applaud that. We think corruption is bad for business and bad for Nigeria. We as well understand it takes times to get to a transparent economy.

Has it gotten harder doing business in Nigeria?

Nigeria has become the major economy in Africa, and they've demonstrated the kind of increase that we think we're going to see in the rest of Africa going forward. There are challenges right presently due to the falling oil price. But we've had success historically and currently as well. Our dealer in Nigeria, Mantrac, has facilities strategically placed throughout the country. They're in Lagos, Port Harcourt, Abuja and a number of other key locations. They as well have mobile service capability, and they can mount a temporary service shop to support large projects outside of the cities.

Mantrac does a terrific job. They're our partner in eight different nations in Africa. They've been a Caterpillar dealer for a lot of, many years. And they understand Africa, how to do business in Africa and how to be successful. We're very satisfied with the support that they have been providing in Nigeria.

You mentioned the problem of access to financing for entrepreneurs. Is that as well an issue for large-scale projects such as infrastructure?

There is money available for bankable projects. For large projects, there is international financing from a variety of different sources.

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